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Silver H'mong occupation in Sapa, Lao Cai

20/04/2018 14749 0
Silver engraving is a traditional craft, which plays a very important role in their cultural life. In everyday life, Mong people often use silver as a fortune telling device that protects the health and well-being of people, so silver also involves many spiritual rituals.

The casino is considered to be the place where convergence of power and the place of the gods, which is the magic of the gods, is used to destroy the evil spirit and to protect human health. Silver jewelry is also a gift of great spiritual value, given by parents to dowry girls when married. Therefore, the carving of silver forever has been maintained to create products for the cultural life of the community. Silver engraving requires ingenuity, meticulousness and aesthetics. To create a silver jewelery, Mong artists have to go through many phases to create a distinctive and popular product. Silver tools of the Mong people include: blowing - "pux"; furnace - "aang"; silver pot - "cox oven"; mold - "iszzo"; Hammer - "traurx" has four types of hammer (buffalo horns - "traurx nhux cú", hand hammer - "traurx", hammer and hammer); Iron - "embankment": There are three types (long type used to steal coal, silverware or adjust the position of the pot in the furnace during silver cooking, shorter type used mainly to pick up products in the process. I also like when the silver is hot, small pliers used to pair silver during processing on the process of shaping, shaping the final product). These types of pliers are common features are long, slightly curved, laminated wood. "Elegant" is a strong force tool, used to millet in the process of shaping the product. The chisel carving pattern: 4 types are made of iron nails have the shape, size, function of different: "tramp" used to touch the tiny flowers, "ma" used to touch the pattern "Hard to master" is used to touch the long stripes, "nix nix" used to touch the semicircle. There are also "scissors" used to touch the square pattern. In the past, silver materials used to make silver products were usually Indochinese coins, hoarded from one generation to the next in Mong families, as well as other highland ethnic groups. . Today, these types of silver are rare and of high economic value. When it comes to silver, if a family does not have silver, they buy or trade with other families in the community. To produce valuable silver products that meet the needs of users, artisans must have the experience of selecting and distinguishing the material. If used to silver impurities, in the process of processing, silver often crushed, no pure whiteness, accordingly, the product price is not high, not promote the use of silver when used (jewelry , health protection, demons, etc.). Silver carpenters require persistence, diligence and creativity, as the process of making silver products goes through many complicated and complicated stages: burning furnaces - "shorthand for silver" The silver - "home easy"; molding - "platelets"; silver on the anvil - "chaux paux"; The products made of silver carving are often creative, high aesthetic, including: necklace - "pearl necklace" Bracelets - "pâux tês." Bracelets are of two types: round flattened and circle rounded round. "The ring is made specifically for children and adults when they are sick, including three types: anklet, necklace and bracelet. After wearing, the master of the lock is considered to hold not to fall out, do not let evil spirits infringed on the body. Ear rings (earrings) - "ring cover", hair tie is a type of jewelry dedicated to Woman finger rings "tray": 2 lo Round: round and flat rounds, rounded rings are the sign of single people (unmarried or unmarried) or widowed and intend to remarry. All things have souls and the kitchen also has the god of the kitchen. Thus, in the process of practicing the artisans carried out some rituals - a spiritual product created from the process of existence and development of silver carvings, as a word of encouragement to help the arts. Professional practice, not risky; The silver carving demonstrates the technical development and jewelery of Mong people in Sa Pa, contributing to the practical service for the cultural life. of the community here. So far, the silver carved products remain unchanged and an irreplaceable place in the Mongolia's life in Sapa. With typical historical, cultural and scientific values, the traditional handicrafts of H'mong ethnic silver carving in Sa Pa have been decided by the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism. National intangible cultural heritage in 2013

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